Primary areas of study in Academic English 9 are literature, composition, oral communication, and language skills. Literature study includes the five major genres: short story, novel, nonfiction, drama, and poetry. The focus is on acquisition of reading comprehension skills and the ability to identify and analyze the characteristics of each genre. Using the process approach to writing, students write compositions in the informational, explanatory, argumentative, narrative, and creative modes. to develop their oral communication skills, students make both formal and informal presentations. Language skills include regular vocabulary study and a review of basic grammar, punctuation, and sentence structure.